Source : showbizcast

CV vs Resume: A CV (Curriculum Vitae) is a work portfolio document that details one's academic and professional history, while a resume summarizes your experience and skills for a specific job.

Understanding the difference between a CV and a resume can be confusing. We will explain the major differences between these two documents with examples.

What Is A CV?

Source : freepik

Known as Curriculum Vitae, the CV is a detailed document that summarizes a person's academic and professional achievements. It's commonly used in academia, research, and some international job applications, giving a thorough overview of qualifications.

It often spans multiple pages, offering a detailed history of a person's career, spanning multiple pages. It's a tool for employers, especially in academia or research, to see someone's expertise and suitability. Personal details like birthdate and nationality may also be included.

When To Use CV?

Here are situations when you might use a CV:

  • Academic Positions: When applying for academic roles, such as faculty positions, research positions, or teaching positions at universities.
  • Research Opportunities: When pursuing research opportunities, such as applying for grants, fellowships, or positions in research institutions.
  • International Job Applications: In some countries, particularly in Europe, a CV is commonly used for job applications instead of a resume.
  • Grant Applications: When applying for research grants or funding, where a detailed account of your academic and research achievements is necessary.
  • PhD Admissions: When applying for admission to doctoral programs, a CV may be required to demonstrate your academic and research background.

Formatting Tips: What To Include In CV

Source : facebook

When creating a CV (Curriculum Vitae), it's crucial to present a comprehensive and organized document that effectively communicates your qualifications. Here are key elements to include and formatting tips:

  • Contact Information
  • Personal Statement or Objective
  • Education
  • Work Experience
  • Research and Publications
  • Skills
  • Professional Memberships
  • Awards and Honors
  • Conferences and Presentations
  • Certifications and Training
  • Languages
  • References

What Is A Resume?

Source : freepik

A resume is a concise document, typically one to two pages, summarizing an individual's professional qualifications, work experience, and skills. It is a key tool in job applications, focusing on relevant accomplishments and responsibilities in a specific format.

It highlights one's education, work history, achievements, and skills, tailored for a targeted job application. A well-crafted resume is essential for effectively communicating one's professional background and securing job interviews.

When To Use Resume?

Here are common situations when you should use a resume:

  • Job Applications in Business and Industry: Resumes are the standard document for applying to jobs in fields such as business, finance, marketing, technology, and other non-academic sectors.
  • Entry-Level Positions: When applying for entry-level positions or roles where the focus is on practical skills and work experience rather than extensive academic or research achievements.
  • Networking Events: Resumes are often handed out during networking events, job fairs, or industry conferences to provide a concise summary of your professional background.
  • Career Fairs: Employers at career fairs typically expect to receive resumes as a quick overview of your qualifications and experiences.
  • Internship Applications: For applications for internships, co-op programs, or other short-term work experiences, a resume is commonly used to highlight relevant skills and experiences.

Formatting Tips: What To Include In Resume?

Source : facebook

When crafting a resume, it's important to create a concise and visually appealing document that effectively showcases your qualifications. Here are key elements to include in your resume.

  • Contact Information
  • Summary/Objective
  • Professional Experience
  • Education
  • Skills
  • Achievements
  • Certifications/Training
  • Memberships
  • Languages
  • Projects
  • Volunteer Work
  • References

CV And Resume What Is The Difference?

Source : freepik

While both CVs and resumes serve the purpose of showcasing an individual's qualifications, they differ in terms of length, content, purpose, flexibility, and the types of positions or industries for which they are most commonly used.

Understanding the differences between these two is crucial for effective job or academic applications in different industries. For more details, and explanations read the major 10 differences between them.

Difference 1: Length

CV: Typically longer, often extending beyond two pages, especially in academia. It provides a detailed and comprehensive overview of academic and professional achievements.

Resume: Generally shorter, usually limited to one or two pages, focusing on key skills and experiences directly relevant to a specific job.

Difference 2: Content

Source : indeed

CV: Includes extensive details about academic achievements, research projects, publications, presentations, and other scholarly activities. It covers a broad spectrum of professional and academic experiences.

Resume: Emphasizes work experience, skills, and achievements directly related to the specific job. It is more concise and tailored to a particular position.

Difference 3: Purpose

CV: Primarily used in academia, research, and international job applications. It aims to provide a comprehensive overview of an individual's academic and professional background.

Resume: Commonly used in business, industry, and non-academic job applications. The skills for a resume are focused on showcasing qualifications and experiences relevant to a specific job.

Difference 4: Flexibility

Source : firstnaukri

CV: Can be more flexible and expansive, allowing for in-depth details about various aspects of academic and professional life. It can be adapted for different academic positions.

Resume: Requires customization for each job application. It emphasizes brevity and relevance, focusing on the most pertinent information for a particular job.

Difference 5: Sections

CV: Includes sections such as education, research experience, publications, presentations, honors and awards, and professional memberships.

Resume: Typically consists of sections like contact information, summary or objective, work experience, skills, education, and additional relevant sections.

Difference 6: Personal Information

Source : cvgenius

CV: This may include personal details such as date of birth, nationality, and sometimes even a photograph, depending on regional norms.

Resume: Usually excludes personal information beyond contact details to comply with privacy and anti-discrimination standards.

Difference 7: Use of Pronouns

CV: Often written in the third person and uses a formal tone, providing a scholarly and objective presentation of the individual's achievements.

Resume: Usually written in the first person or a combination of first and third person. It employs a more conversational tone, highlighting personal contributions and skills.

Difference 8: Customization

Source : geeksforgeeks

CV: Tends to remain relatively static over time, with updates made as significant accomplishments occur. Changes are usually incremental.

Resume: Is often dynamic and frequently updated. It is tailored for each job application, reflecting recent achievements and skills most relevant to the current career goals.

Difference 9: Target Audience

CV: Primarily targeted towards academic institutions, research positions, and international employers who often expect a comprehensive overview of an individual's academic and professional background.

Resume: Tailored for a broader audience, including employers in business, industry, and non-academic sectors. Focuses on specific skills and experiences relevant to a particular job.

Difference 10: References

Source : novoresume

CV: Include a section for references or list them at the end. Academic references, such as professors and mentors, are commonly included.

Resume: Generally does not include references directly on the document. Instead, applicants typically state that references are available upon request. References are often professional contacts, supervisors, or colleagues.

CV And Resume Examples

Example of a CV:

[Your Full Name]
[Your Address]
[City, State, ZIP Code]
[Your Email Address]
[Your Phone Number]
[LinkedIn Profile (Optional)]


Dedicated and accomplished researcher seeking a faculty position in [Your Field] where expertise in [Specific Expertise] and a track record of impactful research can contribute to the academic community.


  • Ph.D. in [Your Field], University of XYZ, Year of Graduation
  • M.S. in [Your Field], University of ABC, Year of Graduation
  • B.S. in [Your Field], University of DEF, Year of Graduation

Research Experience:

  • [Title of Research Project], University of XYZ, [Dates]
  • Conducted [Specific Research Activities]
  • Published findings in [Journal Name]
  • Presented research at [Conference Name]


[Title of Paper], Journal of [Your Field], Year of Publication

Work Experience:

  • [Job Title], Company/Organization, [Dates]
  • [Key Responsibilities and Achievements]


  • [Technical Skills]
  • [Analytical Skills]
  • [Language Proficiency]

Professional Memberships:

Member, [Professional Association]

Example of a Resume:

[Your Full Name]
[Your Address]
[City, State, ZIP Code]
[Your Email Address]
[Your Phone Number]
[LinkedIn Profile (Optional)]


Results-driven and detail-oriented marketing professional with a proven track record in [your expertise]. Seeking a challenging role to leverage skills in [what role you are looking for] for [Company/Organization].

Professional Experience:

[Job Title], Company/Organization, [Dates]

  • Mention the task performed and responsibilities

[Job Title], Company/Organization, [Dates]

  • Mention the task performed and responsibilities


  • Ph.D. in [Your Field], University of XYZ, Year of Graduation


You skills you mastered in.


Include the name of the certificate and the company or organization you got from.


Mention the language you are fluent in.